Biodiversity assessment of Asaniye and Dabhil Landscape from North Western Ghats

Geographical coverage

Geographical scale of the assessment Sub-regional
Country or countries covered India
Any other necessary information or explanation for identifying the location of the assessment, including site or region name

Adjoining private forest landscape to Amboli Reserve forest from Sindhudurg district. Wildlife corridor.

Conceptual framework, methodology and scope

Assessment objectives

  • To document the diversity of plants, birds, butterflies, mammals , reptiles and amphibians in privately owned forests

  • To understand the impact of development activities on biodiversity

  • To know the extent of dependence of local people on ecosystem services such as water

  • To build capacity of local people in understanding the diversity of species present in their own landscape, its role in supporting sustainable livelihoods

  • To communicate importance of landscape in conservation planning to the policy makers

  • To create evidence for prioritization of the landscape for strict enforcement of various legal provisions of forest conservation act.

Mandate for the assessment

The mandate of assessment was to create evidence for ecological and economic importance of the landscape as well as its importance in biodiversity conservation.

Conceptual framework and/or methodology used for the assessment

Other (please specify)

Global Biodiversity Assessment handbook

URL or copy of conceptual framework developed or adapted

System(s) assessed

  • Inland water
  • Forest and woodland
  • Cultivated/Agricultural land

Species groups assessed

Plants, mammals, birds, butterflies, reptiles, amphibians, spiders and insects

Ecosystem services/functions assessed


  • Water
  • Medicinal resources


  • Regulation of water flows
  • Erosion prevention

Supporting Services/Functions

  • Habitat maintenance
  • Soil formation and fertility

Cultural Services

Scope of assessment includes

Drivers of change in systems and services


Impacts of change in services on human well-being


Options for responding/interventions to the trends observed


Explicit consideration of the role of biodiversity in the systems and services covered by the assessment


Timing of the assessment

Year assessment started


Year assessment finished


If ongoing, year assessment is anticipated to finish

Periodicity of assessment

One off

Assessment outputs



Communication materials (e.g. brochure, presentations, posters, audio-visual media)

Journal publications

Training materials

Other documents/outputs

Tools and processes

Tools and approaches used in the assessment

  • Geospatial analysis
  • Indicators

Process used for stakeholder engagement in the assessment process and which component

Key stakeholder groups engaged

The number of people directly involved in the assessment process


Incorporation of scientific and other types of knowledge

  • Resource experts (e.g. foresters etc)
  • Traditional/local knowledge

Supporting documentation for specific approaches, methodology or criteria developed and/or used to integrate knowledge systems into the assessment

Assessment reports peer reviewed



Accessibility of data used in assessment

Policy impact

Impacts the assessment has had on policy and/or decision making, as evidenced through policy references and actions

Assessment report has been widely used at the policy level by the Western Ghats Ecology Expert panel, Local communities and advocacy group to defend against ecologically disastrous projects such as mining. Most importantly, the landscape has been now categorized as Ecologically Sensitive Area -I by the Western Ghats Ecology Expert Panel. As a result, an infinite moratorium has been imposed on the proposed open cast mining project in the landscape by the Ministry of Environment and Forest by the Government.

Independent or other review on policy impact of the assessment


Lessons learnt for future assessments from these reviews

Capacity building

Capacity building needs identified during the assessment

There is serious and urgent need to build capacity of assessment team in identification of amphibians, freshwater species- crabs, turtles, otters , fish. Knowing that most of freshwater ecosystems are threatened , the capacity building in taxonomy of freshwater taxa is critical for knowledge generation.

Actions taken by the assessment to build capacity

Network and sharing experiences, Sharing of data/repatriation of data, Communication and awareness raising

How have gaps in capacity been communicated to the different stakeholders

AERF is member of IUCN and we have made every effort to invite experts to address the gaps in capacity building.

Knowledge generation

Gaps in knowledge identified from the assessment

There is significant potential for knowledge generation with respect to different ecosystem services provided by terrestrial ecosystems such as forests, rivers and perennial streams and their relation to health of the forests, their role in providing sustainable livelihoods and providing critical habitat for wildlife. These gaps can only be addressed through another assessment of the landscape.

How gaps in knowledge have been communicated to the different stakeholders

Additional relevant information